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  • John 9:16 am on October 11, 2012 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: alexander the great, tyre   

    Alexander the Great made the island of Tyre into a peninsula 

    The city of Tyre is in southern Lebanon on the Mediterranean coast. It is one of the oldest cities in the World. It used to be an island over 2,000 years ago. Now, it is a peninsula… a man-made peninsula. This was done with a bit of help from Alexander the Great and mother nature.

    In ancient times, the island city of Tyre was heavily fortified (with defensive walls 150 feet (46 m) high) and the mainland settlement, originally called Ushu (later called Palaetyrus, meaning “Old Tyre,” by the Greeks) was actually more like a line of suburbs than any one city and was used primarily as a source of water and timber for the main island city.

    Satellite image of modern Tyre

    In 332 BC, the city was conquered by Alexander the Great, after a siege of seven months in which he built the causeway from the mainland to within a hundred meters of the island, where the sea floor sloped abruptly downwards. The presence of the causeway affected local sea currents causing sediment accumulation, which made the land connection permanent to this day and transformed the erstwhile Tyre island into a peninsula.

    A sketch from the 1800s

    Aerial view from 1934. Notice the sandy beach and build up of sediment

    Aerial view from 1954. Large structures and roads have been built on the isthmus.

    Is that some crazy and bizarre #*%& or what?

    Tyre continued to maintain much of its commercial importance until the Christian era.

    In 315 BC, Alexander’s former general Antigonus began his own siege of Tyre, taking the city a year later.

    In 126 BC, Tyre regained its independence (from the Seleucids) and was allowed to keep much of its independence when the area became a Roman province in 64 BC.

    Sources

    Wikipedia

    Google Images

     
    • heathenramblings 1:28 am on October 12, 2012 Permalink | Reply

    • J. A. Robinson 6:32 pm on October 17, 2012 Permalink | Reply

      John– A fascinating piece of history I didn’t know. So, Alex the Great was an “Island wrecker.” He wasn’t content with just reshaping HISTORY.

      THANKS for the return visit and for subscribing to my “pun-ny” photoblog! I hope I can bring you a smile (or at least a groan) every weekday! –John R.: http://TheDailyGraff.com

    • John W 6:51 pm on October 17, 2012 Permalink | Reply

      Thanks GraffMeister! ;-). The “peninsula” was still quite primitive 80 years ago but the local govt there started to fill in the gaps and complete the rough edges… It was basically a string of beaches linked together by a raised road for cars. I will try to find that pic that I saw and post it. Cheers!

      • J. A. Robinson 8:08 pm on October 17, 2012 Permalink | Reply

        That would be a nice “value-added” service if not too much trouble.

        • John 8:16 am on October 18, 2012 Permalink

          A few more photos with captions added!

        • J. A. Robinson 8:27 am on October 18, 2012 Permalink

          Thanks for the extra photos. BTW, I always tell people that “I’m of the opinion that there should be at least one JOHN in every building!”

        • John 12:23 pm on October 18, 2012 Permalink

          and there usually are! In the good buildings anyways.

    • Bill Lanier 12:37 pm on October 31, 2013 Permalink | Reply

      I would like to use your ariel photo of Tyre in my blog

  • John 11:12 am on September 10, 2012 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: alexander the great, babel, babylon   

    How Babylon Appeared To Alexander The Great 

    Under Alexander, Babylon again flourished as a center of learning and commerce. This accurate recreation is how it must have looked to he and his troops upon their arrival.

    How Babylon appeared to Alexander the Great

    From Oliver Stone’s film, “Alexander”. Quite similar to the first image. However, the Tower of Babel is a bit exaggerated.

    Babylon

    But following Alexander’s death in 323 BC in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar, his empire was divided amongst his generals, and decades of fighting soon began, with Babylon once again caught in the middle.

    The constant turmoil virtually emptied the city of Babylon. A tablet dated 275 BC states that the inhabitants of Babylon were transported to Seleucia, where a palace was built, as well as a temple given the ancient name of Esagila. With this deportation, the history of Babylon comes practically to an end, though more than a century later, it was found that sacrifices were still performed in its old sanctuary. By 141 BC, when the Parthian Empire took over the region, Babylon was in complete desolation and obscurity.

    Sources

    Wikipedia

    The Discovery Channel

     

     
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